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2023考研英語(yǔ)二閱讀第二篇試題及答案解析!速看

來(lái)源:考研招生網(wǎng) liuhuimin 2022-12-26
  2023年考研英語(yǔ)二閱讀理解答案公布!12月26日不少同學(xué)開(kāi)始查看自己的考試情況,因此高頓小編特意為大家準備了閱讀理解PartA第二道閱讀題的真題及答案,供大家使用,一起來(lái)看吧!
2023年考研英語(yǔ)二閱讀理解答案
  Text2
  It`seasyto dismiss asabsurdthefederal govemment's ideas for plugging the chronic funding gapofournationalparks.Can anyonereally think it's a good idea to allow Amazon deliveries to yourtentin Yosemite orfood trucks to line up under the redwood trees at Sequoia National Park?
  Buttheadministration isright about one thing:U.S.national parks are in crisis.Collectively theyhavea maintenance backlog ofmorethan S12 billion Roads.trails.restrooms.visitor centers and other infrastructure are crumbling
  Butprivatizingandcommercializing the campgrounds would not be a cure-all.Camperounds areatinyportionoftheoverall infastructure backlog.and concessionaires in the parks hand over onaverage.only about 5%oftheir revenues to the National Park Service.
  Moreoverincreased privatization would cetainly undercut one ofthe maior reasons why 300 million visitors cometothe parkseach yearto enjoy nature and get a break from the commercial drumbeat that overwhelms daily life
  The real problem is that the parks have been chronically starved of funding.An economic survey of700U.S.taxpayers found that people would be willing to pay a sienificant amount of moneyto make surethe parks and ther procrams are keptimact Some 81%ofrespondents san theywould bewillingto pavadditonaltaxes for the next 10 vears to avoid anv cuts to the national parks.
  The nationalparks providegreat value to U.S.residents both as places to escape and as symbolsofnatureOntopofthistheyproduce value from their extensive educational programs.their positive impact onthe climatethrough carbon sequestration.their contribution to our culfural and artisticlifeandofcourse through toursm The parks also help keep America's past alive workingwiththousandsoflocaljurisdictionsaround the country to protect historical sites and to bring the stories of these places to life
  Theparksdo allthisonashoestringCongress allocates only$3 billion a year to the nationa parksystemanamountthat has been flat since 2001(in inflation-adjusted dollars)with the exceptionofaonetimeboostin2009Meanwhile.the number of annual visitors has increased by morethan 50%since 1980.and now stands at 330 million visitors per year.
  Text2
  26.What problem are US national parks faced with?
  A.Decline of business profits.
  B.Inadequate commercialization.
  C.Lack of transportation services
  D.Poorly maintained infrastructure
  【參考答案】D Poorly maintained infrastructure.
  題型:該題為細節題
  解析:?jiǎn)?wèn)美國國家公園面臨著(zhù)什么問(wèn)題,根據problem,US national parks回到原文定位,文中提到:“美國國家公園正處于危機之中。他們總共有超過(guò)120億美元的維護費用積壓下來(lái)沒(méi)有撥款。”(U.S.national parks are in crisis.Collectively,they have a maintenance
  backlog of more than$12 billion.)所以美國國家公園面臨著(zhù)維護缺錢(qián)的問(wèn)題,即基礎設施維護不良。
  27.Increased privatization ofthe campgrounds may
  A.spoil visitor experience B.help preserve nature
  C.bring operational pressure D.boost visits to parks
  【參考答案】A.spoil visitor experience
  題型:該題為細節題
  解析:?jiǎn)?wèn)增加露營(yíng)地的私有化可能會(huì )如何,根據關(guān)鍵詞privatization,the campgrounds回到原文定位,文中提到:"增加私有化肯定會(huì )削弱每年3億游客來(lái)公園的主要原因之一:享受自然,從淹沒(méi)日常生活的商業(yè)鼓聲中得到喘息。”(increased privatization would certainly undercutone ofthe major reasons why 300 million visitors come to the parks each yeartoenjoynature and get arespite from the commercial drumbeat that overwhelms daily life.)所以增加露營(yíng)地的私有化可能會(huì )讓游客仍然受到商業(yè)的影響,不能更好地享受自然,即破壞游客體驗。
  28.According to Paragraph 5,most respondents in the survey would
  A.go to the national parks on a regular basis.
  B.advocate a bigger bud get for the national parks.C.agree to pay extra for the national parks.D.support the national parks’recent reforms
  【參考答案】C.agree to pay extra for the national parks.
  題型:該題為細節題
  解析:?jiǎn)?wèn)調查中的大多數受訪(fǎng)者會(huì )如何,根據關(guān)鍵詞respondents,the survey回到原文定位,文中提到:"約81%的受訪(fǎng)者表示,他們愿意在未來(lái)10年繳納額外的稅款,以避免任何削減國家公園的開(kāi)支。”(Some 81%ofrespondents said they would be willing to
  pay additional taxes for the next10 years to avoid any cuts to the national parks.)所以調查中的大多數受訪(fǎng)者會(huì )愿意額外繳納稅款,即同意為國家公園支付額外的費用。
  29.The national parks are valuable in that they
  A.lead the way in tourism.B.have historical significance.
  C.sponsor research on climate D.provide an income for the locals.
  【參考答案】B.have historical significance.
  題型:該題為細節題
  解析:?jiǎn)?wèn)國家公園很有價(jià)值因為它們怎么樣,根據關(guān)鍵詞the national parks,valuable回到原文中定位,文中提到,這些公園還有助于讓美國的歷史充滿(mǎn)活力,與全國數千個(gè)地方司法機構合作,保護包括埃利斯島和葛底斯堡在內的歷史遺跡,并讓這些地方的故事變得生動(dòng)起來(lái)。”(The parks also help keep America's past alive,working with thousands of local jurisdictionsaroundthe country to protect historical sites-including Ellis Islandand Gettysburg-and to bring the stories of these places to life.)所以國家公園很有價(jià)值因為它們有助于讓美國的歷史充滿(mǎn)活力,保護歷史遺跡,即有歷史意義。
  30.Itcan be concluded from the text that the national park system
  A.is able to cope with staffshortage.
  B.is able to meet visitor's demands.
  C.is in need ofa new price policy D.is in need of a funding increase
  【參考答案】D.is in need of a funding increase.
  題型:該題為細節題
  解析:?jiǎn)?wèn)國家公園體系如何,根據關(guān)鍵詞the national park system回到原文中定位,文中提到:“國會(huì )每年只給國家公園系統撥款30億美元--這一數額自2001年以來(lái)一直沒(méi)有變化
  (以通貨膨脹調整后的美元計算),除了2009年作為奧巴馬刺激計劃一部分的一次增加。與此同時(shí),自1980年以來(lái),每年的游客數量增長(cháng)了50%以上,現在每年達到3.3億人次。”(Congress allocates only$3 billion a vear to the national park system-anamountthat has been flat since 2001(in inflation-adjusted dollars)with the exception ofa onetime boost in 2009 as part of the Obama stimulus package Meanwhilethenumberofannual visitors has increased bv more than 50%since 1980 and now stands at 330 million visitors per year)可以得知,國家公園體系得到的撥款資金的增加。
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